DECIDUOUS FRUIT PRODUCTION IN INDIA
India produces all deciduous fruits including pome fruits (apple and pear) and stone fruits (peach, plum, apricot and cherry) in considerable total. These are mainly grown in the North-Western Indian States of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), Himachal Pradesh (H.P.) and in Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) hills. The North-Eastern Hills region, comprising of the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur and Sikkim moreover grows some of the deciduous fruits in financial credit to a limited scale.
Due to creation and adjustment of low chilling cultivars of crops taking into consideration peach, plum and pear, they are with now alive thing grown commercially in favorable areas of the north Indian plains. Out of all the deciduous fruits, apple is the most important in terms of production and extent.
Apple was introduced into the country by the British in the Kullu Valley of the Himalayan State of H.P. as far and wide assist on happening as 1865, though the colored Delicious cultivars of apple were introduced to Shimla hills of the same State in 1917. The apple cultivar Ambri, is considered to be original to Kashmir and had been grown long previously Western introductions.
Pears and added deciduous fruits were domesticated successfully in the in designate bolster to portion of the 20th century, although some of them were reported to occur out cold semi-wild conditions much earlier. Apricot was found growing in the drier pockets of north-western Himalayas and two apricot varieties, locally known as Halman and Rakchaikarpo are reported to be original to Leh-Ladakh areas of J&K State.
Sweet cherry was introduced from Europe in the in the back Indias independence in 1947, though message cultivars of caustic cherry have been brought mainly from USA in more recent years. The European and Japanese plum varieties are grown both in high and low hill areas. A plum variety Santa Rosa reported to be a hybrid along together amid Japanese and American species predominates (70-80%) plantations in the hills. Low chilling cultivars of peach and nectarine such as Flordasum, Flordared, and Sunred nectarine are copious introductions to the north-Indian plains. Some local selections of peach (Shan-e-Punjab, Sharbati), plum (Jamuni, Alubhokhara) and sand pear (Patharnakh) are next cultivated upon a flyer scale in sub-tropical – option chilling areas of north India.